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Emmanuel J. Osemota

Yellow Fever: A Reemerging Threat in the Modern World

Yellow fever, a viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes, has been a significant public health concern for centuries. Despite the availability of an effective vaccine, the disease continues to pose a substantial threat, particularly in tropical regions of Africa and South America. Recent outbreaks highlight the persistent challenges in combating yellow fever and underscore …

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Cholera: An Ongoing Public Health Challenge 

Cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, remains a significant public health challenge, especially in regions with inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure. This acute diarrheal illness can lead to severe dehydration and death if untreated. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, treatment, and prevention strategies of cholera, highlighting the need for sustained public …

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Neglected Tropical Diseases: Elephantiasis in Focus 

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of communicable diseases that prevail in tropical and subtropical conditions in 149 countries. Affecting over one billion people, these diseases are called “neglected” because they generally afflict the world’s poorest populations and receive less attention than other diseases. Among these, lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, stands …

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Why Your Golden Years Come with a Higher Risk of STDs 

While most people entering the retirement phase picture relaxing walks on the beach, extended vacations to new and exciting locations, and afternoons filled with enjoyable activities like pickleball or barbeque, another underlying issue has emerged in recent years. The rate of STDs among those 55 years or older is steadily increasing.  Gonorrhea alone, not to …

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Syndemics of Social Determinants of Health: HIV and STIs 

When it comes to public health, few concepts are as revealing as the idea of syndemics, especially in understanding diseases like HIV and STIs. Syndemics look at how diseases don’t just exist in isolation but are connected and often worsened by the social and economic conditions around them. This is especially true for HIV and …

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John Snow | Father of Contemporary Epidemiology

Picture a 19th-century London swathed in mist and plagued by a cholera epidemic. While most doctors are still blaming this health crisis on foul air—also known as the ‘miasma theory’—one physician isn’t buying it. Enter John Snow, a Yorkshire-born doctor with a razor-sharp intellect and a healthy dose of skepticism. He’s got a revolutionary idea: …

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Endometriosis: A Silent Epidemic

Endometriosis affects approximately one in ten women of reproductive age globally. Despite this widespread prevalence, however, it receives little attention in developed, high-income countries. Known to cause infertility and severe, debilitating symptoms, endometriosis is a painful condition even for women with access to modern medicine. In Sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease is common, endometriosis leaves …

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